Windows Server Troubleshooting - Conclusion

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Memory
Processor
Registry
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Network
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We have studied a troubleshooting methodology and looked at the Windows architecture so that we can divide problems into smaller problems which are more easily solved. We now know that operating systems have four key resources that must be monitored for reliability and performance. Task Manager and System Monitor are the most important troubleshooting tools and can be used to analyze all resources. General purpose troubleshooting tools that we have looked at are;

Terminal Services
RunAs
RegEdit
RegEdt32
RegBack
RegRest
WinDiff
NTBackup
Startup Options
Safe Mode
Blue Screen
Auditing
ResponseProbe
Service Packs
Hotfixes
Boot floppy
Emergency repair disk
Recovery Console
FixMBR
FixBoot
DiskSave
DskProbe
Computer Management
- Device Manager
- System Information
- Event Viewer
- Services

Tools and counters that focus on a specific resource are as follows;

Memory Processor Disk I/O Network I/O
Tools

pfmon

Pviewer
tlist
kill
Win File Protection
Dynamic Disk
Defragmenter,
RAID, ChkDsk
Network Monitor
NET, clusters
ipconfig, nslookup
ping, tracert
System Monitor Counters    
Pages/sec
Page Reads/Sec
Page Faults/Sec
Pages Input/Sec
Pool Paged Bytes
Pool Nonpaged Bytes
Available Bytes
Working Set
Virtual Bytes
% Committed Bytes
Commit Limit
Committed Bytes
% Processor Time
Interrupts/Sec
System Calls/Sec
Processor Queue Length
 
% Disk time
Disk queue length
Disk transfer/sec
Disk Bytes/read
Avg Disk sec/read
Disk Reads/sec
Segments/sec
Segmt Retransmit/sec
Datagrams/sec
Server bytes/sec
bytes total/sec
Logon/sec
network errors/sec
Current commands

All system problems can be solved with a logical, systematic approach. With these tools and methodology, you will be successful in your troubleshooting endeavors.